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June 3, 2012
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Paralititan stromeri by Paleo-King Paralititan stromeri by Paleo-King
Forgotten Giants species #5: Paralititan stromeri

Meaning of name: Stromer's tidal giant
Location: Bahariya oasis, Egypt.
Length: ~90+ ft.
Mass: ~50 tons
Time: Late Cretaceous, Cenomanian epoch


Paralititan, the largest dinosaur so far known from the Middle East, has been known for over a decade without a single hi-fi scientific restoration being done. Here is the first one. :XD:

Paralititan was discovered in Bahariya, the same fossil site that yielded the first specimens of Carcharodontosaurus and Spinosaurus many decades ago. It's now known to be a common pattern that wherever you find giant herbivores, giant carnivores are also present. The species name honors Dr. Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach, who was the first to explore and excavate the Bahariya oasis back in the 1910s. Paralititan has often been proposed as a candidate for "biggest dinosaur" and usually gets compared to Argentinosaurus… , though the type (and only) specimen of Paralititan is actually a good bit smaller than Argentinosaurus (and certainly not in the same class as Puertasaurus… ). Nevertheless it's at least twice the mass of the Berlin Giraffatitan HMN SII. And Paralititan's maximum size may actually be a good bit larger than the type specimen, since there is no coracoid attached to its right scapula (whose front end is preserved unlike the left one), indicating that the coracoids on the type specimen had not yet fused to the scapulae when it died, and therefore this was not an adult animal.

Paralititan seems to be most closely related to Argyrosaurus , based on the few remains known. Both had very wide, flattened "snowboard" humeri and appear to have been very robust animals. They appear to fall in more derived than lognkosaurs but more basal than most other lithostrotians (i.e. saltasaurs, nemegtosaurs, etc.)

Paralititan was discovered in sediments that indicate a mangrove area near the sea; shark teeth and petrified mangrove roots are common in the site. This adds an interesting twist to the prevailing theory of sauropods being dry-land animals. Such a massive animal could not have walked in ordinary swamps without sinking in, but the sand in a seaside mangrove would be able to support it, as the sand under its feet became packed and the water displaced from it with every step. On the other hand it may be possible that Paralititan lived nowhere near the mangroves, but its remains were washed out there by a flooding river; the skeleton of the type specimen may have been scavenged and broken up before then, as so little of it is left.

Aside from the type specimen discovered in 2001, there may have been other Paralititan remains that were never properly identified. Stromer reported in 1932 that he found a very large anterior dorsal vertebra, labeled 1912VIII64, which is illustrated in his paper as a centrum (of the wide, squat type common in intermediate and derived titanosaurs) along with part of the neural arch, and a tight trapezoidal neural canal. The overall morphology is similar to Epachthosaurus, Pellegrinisaurus, and some lognkosaurians. This vertebra may in fact belong to Paralititan, or simply a very large individual of Aegyptosaurus, though we will never know, as it was destroyed (along with the rest of Stromer's collection) in the allied bombing raids in World War II.


Smith, J.B.; Lamanna, M.C.; Lacovara, K.J.; Dodson, P.; Smith, J.R.; Poole, J.C.; Giegengack, R.; and Attia, Y. (2001). "A Giant sauropod dinosaur from an Upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt". Science 292 (5522): 1704–1706.

Stromer, E. (1932a). Ergebnisse der Forschungsreisen Prof. E. Stromers in den Wüsten Ägyptens. II. Wirbeltierreste der Baharîje-Stufe (unterstes Cenoman). 11. Sauropoda. Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Abteilung, Neue Folge, 10: 1-21.
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EliTheDinoGuy Featured By Owner Aug 7, 2014  Student General Artist
Which displays known elements: white or green?
Paleo-King Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014  Professional Traditional Artist
white. The green (shaded) parts are the missing parts.
EliTheDinoGuy Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014  Student General Artist
OK, thanks
MartinSilvertant Featured By Owner May 16, 2013  Professional General Artist
What an odd looking animal. It's certainly not a very beautiful creature. Beautiful illustration though.
SameerPrehistorica Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013  Hobbyist
Paralititan is 70 tons ? They reduced Argentinosaurs to 75 tons.The weight difference is not much between these two from comparing your images.In Planet Dinosaur,they said Paralititan is 45 tons.
Paleo-King Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014  Professional Traditional Artist
Depends who "they" are. Everyone has different estimates right now. I wouldn't take what a TV show says at face value, they always have their handpicked "experts" who are mainly TV producers who usually know less about this stuff than you or me. For example "Dinosaur George".
SameerPrehistorica Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014  Hobbyist
This :D (Big Grin) Clap ------------- (I wouldn't take what a TV show says at face value, they always have their handpicked "experts" who are mainly TV producers who usually know less about this stuff than you or me.)

This one thing always will remain the same -------- (Everyone has different estimates right now.)
Stuchlik Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2013
If Argentinosaurs had 75 tons or 33 meters. Paralititan 27 meters could be close to 45 tons not 70.

27x27x27= 19683 33x33x33= 35937
35937/19683 = 1,83

Argentinosaurs must be heavier 1,83 times if some proportions.

27 meters Paralititan no way 70 tons. If 70 tons, 70x1,83 = 128 tons.

Sorry for my bad English.
bLAZZE92 Featured By Owner Jan 5, 2013
Why is the humerus over 1.8m long? wasn't it 1.69m?
Paleo-King Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2013  Professional Traditional Artist
You're right. Fixed. :XD:

The scaling was a bit hasty the first time lol...
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